DOI number: 10.5027/jnrd.v4i0.07
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Prabhakaran T. Raghu a, Varghese Manaloor b, V. Arivudai Nambi a
a M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Biodiversity Department, Chennai, India
b University of Alberta, Augustana Campus, Department of Social Sciences, Camrose, Canada
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org [stag_icon icon=”envelope-o” url=”” size=”15px” new_window=”no”]
[stag_toggle style=”stroke” title=”Abstract” state=”open”]
Sustainable agricultural practices require, among other factors, adoption of improved nutrient management techniques, pest mitigation technology and soil conservation measures. Such improved management practices can be tools for enhancing crop productivity. Data on micro-level farm management practices from developing countries is either scarce or unavailable, despite the importance of their policy implications with regard to resource allocation. The present study investigates adoption of some farm management practices and factors influencing the adoption behavior of farm households in three agrobiodiversity hotspots in India: Kundra block in the Koraput district of Odisha, Meenangadi panchayat in the Wayanad district of Kerala and Kolli Hills in the Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu. Information on farm management practices was collected from November 2011 to February 2012 from 3845 households, of which the data from 2726 farm households was used for analysis. The three most popular farm management practices adopted by farmers include: application of chemical fertilizers, farm yard manure and green manure for managing nutrients; application of chemical pesticides, inter-cropping and mixed cropping for mitigating pests; and contour bunds, grass bunds and trenches for soil conservation. A Negative Binomial count data regression model was used to estimate factors influencing decision-making by farmers on farm management practices. The regression results indicate that farmers who received information from agricultural extension are statistically significant and positively related to the adoption of farm management practices. Another key finding shows the negative relationship between cultivation of local varieties and adoption of farm management practices.
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