The concept biodiversity is used a long time ago, the first person was the conservationist Raymond F. Dasmann in the 1968; but the term was widely adopted by the science and environmental world in 1980s, when Lovejoy (tropical and conservation biologist) and other contemporaries scientist in America advocated the use of the term “Biological Diversity”.

Biodiversity includes the variety and variability of ecosystems, animals, plants and micro-organisms, at genetic, species and ecosystems levels, which are necessary to sustain human life as well as the key functions of ecosystems.

The current lifestyle, the climate change, acidifications of oceans, deforestation, non-sustainable production, high levels of consumption, among others; has resulted in the past 50 years in the loss of more species than in the entire history. We must understand that the Earth’s biological resources are vital to humanity’s economic and social development. In response to the above, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) convened the Ad Hoc Working Group of Experts on Biological Diversity in November 1988 to explore the need for an international Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The Convention (CBD) was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.

The concept adopted by “The Earth Summit” in 1992 is:

“Biological diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, “inter alia”, terrestrial, marine and other ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

 The United Nations General Assembly, through by CBD, declared in October 2010, in Japan, the period 2011-2020 to be “the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, with a view to contributing to the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Aichi Targets for the period 2011-2020”, Strategic Plan for Biodiversity promotes its overall vision of living in harmony with nature.

CBD´s Goals and achieving the Aichi Targets by 2020

There are 5 strategic goals and 20 ambitious yet achievable targets. Collectively known as the Aichi Targets:

Referential and more information

Posted by Francisca Solar

Agriculture Engineer

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