We are very happy to announce that today is JNRD birthday!!

Special regards to the authors of our first article called Agrobiodiversity of cactus pear (Opuntia, Cactaceae) in the Meridional Highlands Plateau of Mexico: Dr Juan Antonio Reyes-Agüero and Dr. Juan Rogelio Aguirre Rivera.

Have a nice day!
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The concept biodiversity is used a long time ago, the first person was the conservationist Raymond F. Dasmann in the 1968; but the term was widely adopted by the science and environmental world in 1980s, when Lovejoy (tropical and conservation biologist) and other contemporaries scientist in America advocated the use of the term “Biological Diversity”.

Biodiversity includes the variety and variability of ecosystems, animals, plants and micro-organisms, at genetic, species and ecosystems levels, which are necessary to sustain human life as well as the key functions of ecosystems.

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The great current controversy worldwide is: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), in such dispute are involved consumers, biotechnology companies, governmental regulators, non-governmental organizations and scientists. The controversial key topics related to genetically modified (GM) food are: risk of harm from GM food, labeled GM food, the role of government regulations, the effect of GM crops on the environment, the effect on pesticide resistance, the impact of GM crops for farmers, including farmers in developing countries, the role of GM crops in feeding the growing world population, and GM crops as part of the industrial agriculture system.

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Why we found rare this day of celebration?

This day was first proposed in 1992 by the Government of Canada at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, and only in December 2008 the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the “World Oceans Day”, now it is celebrated on June 8th each year.

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This First Conference of Natural Resources and Development called Food, water and energy security: integrated science for sustainability is an opportunity to connect the scientific and academic world to the governmental area and the private sector. The Conference aims to be a space to disseminate updated knowledge regarding the food, water and energy security in the frame of sustainability.

This Conference, to be held in Viña del Mar, Chile, from November 25 until 28 is supported by Journal of Natural Resources and Development and is jointly organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the Center for Natural Resources and Development (CNRD); an international network created to involve different universities of the world in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations. Key topics related to the MDGs are poverty reduction and safe food supplies, social and cultural development, access to basic resources and shelter, integrated water resources management, land use dynamics, biodiversity, energy efficiency and renewable resources among others. All the topics will also be covered in the Conference.

Attention! The call for papers and posters is open to scientists and researchers from the academic or private sector; this means that we welcome professors, students, entrepreneurs, professionals, researchers and all other members of the public, private or educational area working on topics related to the conference frame.

For more information, visit our website and our facebook page.

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Abstract

Different Energy options have been the driving force for the world economy with an evolution in types and sources. Decades ago choosing what energy option to use did not call for much debate as issues of sustainability, pressure on our environment, and our climate were not a major concern. However today, humans have to grapple with these current global challenges especially those exacerbated by our current sources of energy. The review article argues that science and sustainability thinking should be the basis for making the choice about what energy option is suitable for our era. It proposes that a more fruitful discourse should follow from a dialogue that puts in place the set of sustainability indicators and evaluating the suitability of the options for our era in that context. Focusing on two energy options; conventional and nuclear energy; the review compares them based on a set of sustainability indicators including, but not limited to, the environment, economics, ethics, expertise requirements, technical information, health, safety, uncertainty and government funding. In trying to answer the question Unsustainable conventional energy sources, is nuclear energy similar?, the review concludes that despite the demerits of nuclear energy, it is the solution to meet the world’s growing energy needs and to reverse the impending threat posed by climate change if research and development efforts in the sector are accelerated.

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